Do Kids need a Passport to go to Canada?

Canada is a wonderful destination for family vacations, offering a range of attractions and activities that cater to children. However, if you’re planning a trip to Canada with your kids, you may be wondering whether they need a passport.

Your kids need a passport to go to Canada. All passengers, including children, traveling in and out of Canada by air must have valid passport books. However, for travel by land or sea, children can use their birth certificates or other citizenship documents as proof of identity and citizenship.

Does My Child Need a Passport to Go to Canada?

Yes, children need a passport to go to Canada if they are traveling by air. However, for land and sea travel, children can use their birth certificates, naturalization certificates, or citizenship certificates instead of a passport.

Below is a more detailed explanation:

  1. Air Travel

All passengers, including children, traveling to and from Canada by air must have valid passport books. Passport cards and other travel documents are not accepted for international air travel. Therefore, your child must have a passport when flying to Canada.

  1. Sea Travel:
  2. a) Closed-Loop Cruises

If your journey begins and ends at U.S. ports, most cruise lines allow children to board with their birth certificates, citizenship certificates, or naturalization certificates. However, some cruise lines may require children to have valid passport books.

  1. b) Standard Cruises

If your cruise starts or ends at a non-U.S. port, all passengers, including children, must have valid passport books to travel to Canada.

  1. Road Travel

Children traveling to Canada by road do not require passport books. Instead, they can use their birth certificates, naturalization certificates, or citizenship certificates as proof of identity.

Can a Child Go to Canada with a Birth Certificate?

Yes, children traveling to Canada by land or sea can use their birth certificates, along with other acceptable documents such as naturalization or citizenship certificates, instead of a passport.

However, it’s important to note that for air travel, a passport is required for all passengers, including children.

Documents That a Child Requires to Go to Canada

  1. Passport

A valid passport is required for all children traveling to Canada by air. Passport cards and other travel documents are not accepted for international air travel. The passport must be valid at the time of entry and have at least one blank page. It should also be in good condition and physically present with the child.

  1. Birth Certificate

For land and sea travel, children can use their birth certificates as a form of identification and proof of citizenship. The birth certificate must be an original or certified copy, clearly indicating the child’s name, date of birth, place of birth, and parent’s names. It should be issued by a government authority and be in English or accompanied by a certified translation.

  1. Naturalization Certificate

If the child has acquired Canadian citizenship through naturalization, a valid naturalization certificate can be used as a document for travel to Canada. The certificate should be in good condition and clearly state the child’s name and citizenship status.

  1. Citizenship Certificate

Children who hold Canadian citizenship but do not have a passport or naturalization certificate can use a citizenship certificate for entry into Canada. The certificate should be valid, in good condition, and clearly state the child’s name and citizenship.

What Is the Youngest Age to Get a Passport?

There is no specific age requirement to obtain a passport for a child. Even infants and newborns are eligible for passports.

However, it’s important to note that the application process for passports for children is slightly different than for adults.

Parents or legal guardians need to apply on behalf of their children, providing appropriate documentation and following the necessary procedures.

Do Kids Need a Visa to Go to Canada?

No, children do not need a visa to go to Canada if they are citizens of the United States. Canadian law mandates that all individuals entering Canada must possess proof of citizenship and identity.

For U.S. citizens, a valid U.S. passport, passport card, or NEXUS card fulfills these requirements. Children under the age of 16 only need to provide proof of U.S. citizenship, such as a birth certificate or citizenship certificate, when traveling to Canada.

Cost of Canadian Visa for Children

  1. Adopted Minor (18 and under)

The processing fee for an adopted minor to apply for Canadian citizenship is $100 per person.

  1. Minor (18 and under)

For a minor who is not adopted, the processing fee for a Canadian citizenship application is also $100 per person.

  1. Citizenship Certificate

In addition to the application fee, there is an additional fee of $75 per person for obtaining a citizenship certificate. This certificate serves as official proof of Canadian citizenship.

  1. Resume Citizenship Application

If an individual is resuming their Canadian citizenship, the processing fee for the application is $530 per person.

Do You Need a Passport to Get into Canada by Car?

No, a passport is not required to enter Canada by car. Traveling to Canada by car allows for different documentation requirements compared to air travel.

For U.S. citizens, a valid passport is not mandatory when crossing the Canadian border by land. Instead, you can use alternative documents such as a birth certificate, citizenship certificate, or naturalization certificate to establish your identity and citizenship. However, it is always recommended to carry a passport to ensure smooth border crossings and for ease of identification.

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Wrap Up

If you’re planning a trip to Canada with your children, it’s important to understand the passport and document requirements based on the mode of transportation.

While children traveling to Canada by land or sea can use their birth certificates or other acceptable documents, children traveling by air must have valid passport books.

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